Necropolis Radimlja – is most famous site of tombstones, medieval tombstones in Herzegovina. Necropolis is one of the most valuable monuments of the medieval period in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Stećak plural: Stećci is the name for monumental medieval tombstones that lie scattered across Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the border parts of Croatia, Montenegro and Serbia, although almost exclusively following the borders of the medieval Bosnian Kingdom.
An estimated 60,000 are found within the borders of modern Bosnia and Herzegovina and the rest of 10,000 are found in what are today Croatia, Serbia, and Montenegro. Appearing in the 11th century, the tombstones reached their peak in the 14th and 15th century, before disappearing during the Ottoman occupation.
They were a common tradition amongst Bosnian Church, Catholic and Orthodox followers. The epitaphs on them are written in Bosnian Cyrillic alphabet “Bosančica” and the alphabets belonging to the Bosnian church and medieval Kingdom of Bosnia.
The necropolis has 133 tombstones, of which is decorated with 63. About 30% of them have a form of plates, 25% of the chest and 25% of cases of the base.
Their most remarkable feature is their decorative motifs, many of which remain enigmatic to this day: spirals, arcades, rosettes, vine leaves and grapes, suns and crescent moons are among the images that appear.
Figural motifs include processions of deer, dancing the kolo, hunting and, most famously, the image of the man with his right hand raised, perhaps in a gesture of fealty.
Stećci have been nominated to the UNESCO World Heritage List as Joint Cultural Heritage by the four countries in 2009.